Protein disorder--a breakthrough invention of evolution?

TitleProtein disorder--a breakthrough invention of evolution?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSchlessinger, A, Schaefer, C, Vicedo, E, Schmidberger, M, Punta, M, Rost, B
JournalCurr Opin Struct Biol
Date Published2011 Jun
KeywordsAnimals, Evolution, Molecular, Humans, Protein Conformation, Proteins

As an operational definition, we refer to regions in proteins that do not adopt regular three-dimensional structures in isolation, as disordered regions. An antipode to disorder would be 'well-structured' rather than 'ordered'. Here, we argue for the following three hypotheses. Firstly, it is more useful to picture disorder as a distinct phenomenon in structural biology than as an extreme example of protein flexibility. Secondly, there are many very different flavors of protein disorder, nevertheless, it seems advantageous to portray the universe of all possible proteins in terms of two main types: well-structured, disordered. There might be a third type 'other' but we have so far no positive evidence for this. Thirdly, nature uses protein disorder as a tool to adapt to different environments. Protein disorder is evolutionarily conserved and this maintenance of disorder is highly nontrivial. Increasingly integrating protein disorder into the toolbox of a living cell was a crucial step in the evolution from simple bacteria to complex eukaryotes. We need new advanced computational methods to study this new milestone in the advance of protein biology.

Alternate JournalCurr. Opin. Struct. Biol.
PubMed ID21514145
Grant ListF32-GM088991 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 LM007329-07 / LM / NLM NIH HHS / United States
R01-LM07329 / LM / NLM NIH HHS / United States
U54-GM75026-01 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States